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Accueil > La revue des infos > Articles des brèves > Today, EI publishes tomorrow’s ICJ Advisory Ruling judgement on Israel’s (...)

Today, EI publishes tomorrow’s ICJ Advisory Ruling judgement on Israel’s West Bank Barrier

Breaking News, The Electronic Intifada, 8 July 2004

vendredi 9 juillet 2004
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US CST, 9PM, 8 JULY 2004 — On 8 December 2003, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a resolution (A/RES/ES-10/14) in which it requested the International Court of Justice to « urgently render an advisory opinion on the legal consequences arising from the construction of the wall being built by Israel, in the occupied Palestinian territories, including in and around East Jerusalem, considering the rules and principles of international law. »

EI has today (8 July 2004) obtained a copy of the ruling of the International Court of Justice, the contents of which were to be officially released tomorrow. While the source of the document remains unconfirmed at this stage, the contents and format of the document appear to be genuine and the ruling is a shocking blow to Israel.

The Advisory Opinion of the ICJ in the 9th July 2004 document titled « LEGAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF A WALL IN THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY », can briefly be summarised by saying that the court almost unanimously found Israel’s West Bank Barrier (termed « Israel’s Apartheid Wall » by Palestinians and the « Terror Prevention Fence » by Israel) to be illegal under international law.

The decisions of the judges, to the UNGA decision to request the International Court of Justice, pursuant to Article 65 of the Statute of the Court, to urgently render an advisory opinion on the following question :

What are the legal consequences arising from the construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, as described in the report of the Secretary-General, considering the rules and principles of international law, including the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, and relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions ?
according to the document, was :

163. For these reasons, THE COURT,

(1) Unanimously,

Finds that it has jurisdiction to give the advisory opinion requested ;

(2) By fourteen votes to one,

Decides to comply with the request for an advisory opinion ;

IN FAVOUR : President Shi ; Vice-President Ranjeva ; Judges Guillaume, Koroma, Vereshchetin, Higgins, Parra-Aranguren, Kooijmans, Rezek, Al-Khasawneh, Elaraby, Owada, Simma, Tomka ;

AGAINST : Judge Buergenthal ;

(3) Replies in the following manner to the question put by the General Assembly :

A. By fourteen votes to one,

The construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, and its associated r ?me, are contrary to international law ;

IN FAVOUR : President Shi ; Vice-President Ranjeva ; Judges Guillaume, Koroma, Vereshchetin, Higgins, Parra-Aranguren, Kooijmans, Rezek, Al-Khasawneh, Elaraby, Owada, Simma, Tomka ;

AGAINST : Judge Buergenthal ;

B. By fourteen votes to one,

Israel is under an obligation to terminate its breaches of international law ; it is under an obligation to cease forthwith the works of construction of the wall being built in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, to dismantle forthwith the structure therein situated, and to repeal or render ineffective forthwith all legislative and regulatory acts relating thereto, in accordance with paragraph 151 of this Opinion ; forthwith the structure therein situated, and to repeal or render ineffective forthwith all legislative and regulatory acts relating thereto, in accordance with paragraph 151 of this Opinion ;

IN FAVOUR : President Shi ; Vice-President Ranjeva ; Judges Guillaume, Koroma, Vereshchetin, Higgins, Parra-Aranguren, Kooijmans, Rezek, Al-Khasawneh, Elaraby, Owada, Simma, Tomka ;

AGAINST : Judge Buergenthal ;

C. By fourteen votes to one,

Israel is under an obligation to make reparation for all damage caused by the construction of the wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem ;

IN FAVOUR : President Shi ; Vice-President Ranjeva ; Judges Guillaume, Koroma, Vereshchetin, Higgins, Parra-Aranguren, Kooijmans, Rezek, Al-Khasawneh, Elaraby, Owada, Simma, Tomka ;

AGAINST : Judge Buergenthal ;

D. By thirteen votes to two,

All States are under an obligation not to recognize the illegal situation resulting from the construction of the wall and not to render aid or assistance in maintaining the situation created by such construction ; all States parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949 have in addition the obligation, while respecting the United Nations Charter and international law, to ensure compliance by Israel with international humanitarian law as embodied in that Convention ;

IN FAVOUR : President Shi ; Vice-President Ranjeva ; Judges Guillaume, Koroma, Vereshchetin, Higgins, Parra-Aranguren, Rezek, Al-Khasawneh, Elaraby, Owada, Simma, Tomka ;

AGAINST : Judges Kooijmans, Buergenthal ;

E. By fourteen votes to one,

The United Nations, and especially the General Assembly and the Security Council, should consider what further action is required to bring to an end the illegal situation resulting from the construction of the wall and the associated r ?me, taking due account of the present Advisory Opinion.

IN FAVOUR : President Shi ; Vice-President Ranjeva ; Judges Guillaume, Koroma, Vereshchetin, Higgins, Parra-Aranguren, Kooijmans, Rezek, Al-Khasawneh, Elaraby, Owada, Simma, Tomka ;

AGAINST : Judge Buergenthal.


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Ce Colloque des Intellectuels Juifs de Langue Française a pour thème, ’la montée des violences’. Ce thème aura toujours accompagné l’histoire de l’humanité. Violences politique, religieuse, sociale, économique, voire même discursive, les humains n’auront cessé de se faire violence, et ce même lorsqu’ils prétendaient l’éradiquer en cherchant à dispenser le bien. Cette relance du Colloque des Intellectuels Juifs de Langue Française apporte une attention toute particulière à ce qu’il convient de nommer une résurgence de la violence affectant aujourd’hui les communautés juives de France et d’Europe.


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